BOTOX® is a neurotoxin that was actually developed and used as a biological weapon. But over the years, with advancement in science and technology, the use of BOTOX® has expanded, with applications ranging from medicinal to cosmetic. Many studies have shown its usefulness and effectiveness beyond making people look younger. For instance, BOTOX® is now used in multidisciplinary fields like ophthalmology, endocrinology, urology, gynecology, endocrinology and most importantly, neurology. In fact, the neurotoxin served its effectiveness for many chronic conditions, including muscle stiffness, muscle spasm, etc by reducing the abnormal contraction of muscles.
According to Dr. Sumit Singh, Director Neurology, Artemis Hospital, wherever problems are caused due to hyperactivity of muscles, BOTOX® can be used due to its therapeutic effects that help to release the stiffness. Ophthalmologists have treated eyelid spastic disorders, squint etc with BOTOX®, for over years.
In Neurology, BOTOX® is used to treat many neurological disorders including conditions like Blepharospasm, Hemifacial Spasm, Meige’s Syndrome, Cervical dystonia/torticollis, Upper and Lower Limb Spasticity, Cerebral Palsy, Writer’s Cramp, Migraine, etc.
Blepharospasm is a neurological condition characterized by forcible closure of the eyelids. It refers to abnormal spasm or twitching of eyelid and eyelashes. The eye muscles contract to an extent that the patients sometimes are unable to keep their eyes open and they literally have to use their hands to open them in order to see. This can be a very unpleasant condition for the sufferer where they are practically blind.
To treat this, very small amount of BOTOX® can be injected through a very fine needle into the eyelids. This partially provides great relief.?
Hemifacial Spasm is an involuntary contraction of the muscles of the face of one side which causes flickering movement of the involved muscles. The condition is cosmetically disfiguring and can be treated with the help of injecting BOTOX® around the eye and sometimes also on the lower face. Meige’s Syndrome is the condition in which both lower and upper part of facial muscles contract. This can be treated with BOTOX®.
Cervical dystonia means abnormally high muscle tone (dystonia) in the neck (cervical) and can result in various positions of the head. Some of these may involve the neck being rotated and pulled in a certain direction or down towards the chest. This condition is also sometimes called torticollis or ‘wry neck’. BOTOX® causes a controlled relaxation of the involved muscles and causes improvement in the condition.
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